H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
President of the Republic of Uganda and Chairperson of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union for the Month of June 2014,
on the
Occasion of the Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the Peace and Security Council, 25th June, 2014


Sipopo - Malabo

25th June, 2014             -        Equatorial Guinea

Chairperson of the African Union;
Excellencies, Heads of State and Government;
Chairperson of the African Union Commission;
Distinguished Guests;
Ladies and Gentlemen;

As we celebrate the 10th anniversary of the setting up of Peace and Security Council (PSC), we need to re-illuminate on the fundamental question: “What causes these conflicts and why are they conducted so brutally?”  In the last 50 plus years when I have been watching these conflicts, I have formed three conclusions.

First, there is a failure to distinguish between just wars and unjust wars.  Secondly, the unjust conflicts waged in Africa, which form the majority of the conflicts, are based on the pseudo-ideology of sectarianism based on ethnicity or religious divides and impregnated with gender chauvinism.  
Thirdly, the majority of these conflicts are conducted by ideologically deficient groups that are very indisciplined.  Hence, the committing of war-crimes ─ killings of non-combatants, killing of prisoners of war, raping of women, abductions of civilians, sex slaves, etc., etc.

The ideology of sectarianism is a pseudo ─ ideology that is always pushed by parasites at the expense of the real interests of the people.  What are the real interests of the people? The most fundamental interest of the people is security of the persons and their property.  The second most important interest is prosperity in economic terms and welfare.  One crucial element in prosperity is trade ─ i.e. the exchange of goods and services.  Especially in the capitalist era, this exchange of goods and services has formed a  very vibrant dynamic.  Even before the onset of colonialism, however, during the feudal era, the communities in Africa were engaged in trade, by the means of barter trade (Okuchurika).  This exchange of goods and services was especially vibrant between different tribes, more than within individual tribes.  It is, therefore, false and inexcusable for anybody to push the agenda of sectarianism, especially by means of war.  The ideological limitations of these groups leads them also to indiscipline as described above.  If a war is not a just one, it means that it is either a war of aggression or a criminal war.  The anti-colonial liberation wars were just wars.  What is the character of the present conflicts?

The starting point in defeating insecurity in Africa, in my opinion, therefore, should start with banishing the ideology of sectarianism and gender ─ chauvinism.  This will act as the “Policeman for the mind”. Where the “Policeman of the mind” fails, then we need “the Policeman for the body”.  The failure to build effective national armies is partly linked to this ideological mistake.  Some of the security forces are not based on merit or competence but are based on sectarian considerations.  It will help greatly if we build de-tribalized national armies.  This greatly helped Uganda.  
A de-sectarianised national army has made big contribution to Uganda and the region.  Where the national army and security forces fail to guarantee peace, the region, supported by the international community, should come in.  I call this packaging, the Trinity ─ meaning: the internal stakeholders, the region and the international community.  

Africa could look at increased funding by ourselves for these interventions.  With security solidarity for contiguous African States, self financing for limited periods is possible for, at least, some of the African countries.  With ACRIC, we should have some capacity to deal with the urgent crisis outbreaks in the continent by ourselves.  With capable internal stakeholders, this should not be so difficult.

I thank you very much.